The College of Electors is not a place or a location; it is a method. It was set up by the Founding Fathers in the Constitution as an agreement of understanding between the Chair’s election by a Congressional vote and the popular choice of eligible people. The representatives of the US states who elect the president and vice president by casting votes.
The Electoral College Process
The method of the Election College involves the selection of electors, voting for the President and the Vice-Chair, and the counting by Congress of voting ballots.
The number and distribution of electors among the States
The Electoral College has 538 electors. The President is to be elected by 270 majority electoral votes. A-State has a similar number of voters as representatives of its delegation to Congress: One in the House of Representatives for each Member and two Senators. Three voters are allocated to the District of Columbia. They are considered territory for the Electoral College in compliance with the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution.
The selection of electors, their qualifications and how they decide who to elect
Every presidential candidate in a state has his electoral party (known as the slate).
The slate is typically chosen by the political party of the nominee in a region. Still, state legislation varies as to how electors are selected and their responsibilities.
During the general election and why you should vote
The general elections are held every four years every Tuesday in November after the first Monday, and people vote for their chosen electors. Many states have a ‘winner-take-all’ system that gives all voters a popular state vote for the presidential candidate. Yet Maine and Nebraska each have a “proportionate representation” difference.
After the General Election
The Governor then prepares for each nominee a Certificate of Assurance listing the persons on the slates. The Certificate of Assurance lists the votes’ number earned by each person. It shows the individuals who were qualified for the election of the state. The State Certificate of Concern is forwarded to NARA.
After the general election, the election meeting takes place on the first Monday after the second Wednesday. The voters meet in their states and cast their votes in separate elections for President and Vice President. Voting by the government is reported on a voting card, prepared by the voters at the meeting. The State Vote Certificate is officially sent in the records of the Presidential election to Congress and where the votes are counted.
Every 6th of January, the following year, the electoral vote of each state is counted jointly in a Congressional session. The House and Senate members meet in the House to perform an official ballot count.
The Vice President chairs the count and declares the voting results. The Senate President then announces who the President and Vice President of the United States, if any, has been chosen.
The President-elect presides and is elected on the 20th of January the following year as President of the United States.